About Tayrona National Park
Tayrona National Park is located on the Colombian Caribbean coast near Santa Marta. The park extends from Taganga bay – a small fishermen village upstream to where the ‘Piedras’ River runs into the sea. The National Park covers an area of 150 sq-km [58 sq mi] of land and the remaining 30 sq-km [12 sq mi] are maritime. Predominant climate is tropical-humid with average temperatures between 25ºC to 30ºC. One of the main entrances to the Park is at 34km from Santa Marta; from here one can gain access to the natural beaches, coral reefs, mangroves, mountains and exuberant vegetation found there. The fauna includes more than 100 mammals, 200 birds and numerous reptiles.
There are various archeological sites that prove the existence of ancient cultures such as the Tayrona village “Chairama” (indigenous language) from Cañaveral bay a three-hour hike over stone pathways leads to Pueblito; where it is believed that a community inhabited during the pre-Columbian period and there are sacred sites for the Koguis, Arhuacos. These tribes descend from the ancient Tayrona culture.
These villages were communicated by Stone pathways which extended from populous mountainsides up to the peaks in the Sierra. The villages were built upon terraces that were first used for agricultural purposes and then for housing.
Its most acclaimed beaches are: Arrecifes, La Piscina, Cabo de San Juan del Guia y Castilletes, all of which are within reach from Cañaveral.